Beware Danger of Disease Frequently when Flood and Rainy Season – In the rainy season and the time of the flood, decreased immune system so that the danger of infectious diseases spread more easily. If underestimated, it is not possible this common disease can lead to complications.
Exposure to rain, many puddles, cold, and often make contact and get together in the room with people or objects contaminated with the virus makes many people infected with certain diseases in the rainy season. Recognizes a variety of common diseases that are common in the rainy season will make you more alert and ready to deal with and prevent it.
Beware Danger of Disease Frequently when Flood and Rainy Season
Flu is caused due to infection of influenza virus type A, B, or C. The virus is spread through droplets of body fluids such as mucus or saliva of people with which can be transmitted through the mouth, nose, or hand touching contaminated objects. This infection attacks the respiratory system and cause symptoms such as fever, cough, aches and sore throat. Although it is common and harmless, but some people may suffer complications from influenza such as pneumonia.
Dengue hemorrhagic fever
Diseases caused by a virus carried the mosquito Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus is common in the rainy season when mosquito breeding increases. Dengue fever occurs when the virus enters the human body caused by mosquito bites. Although generally harmless, but a disease characterized by pain in the whole body and can cause fever complications that lead to fatal bleeding due to blood vessel damage.
Malaria is an infectious disease parasite Plasmodium which is transmitted through the bite of a mosquito Anopheles. Malaria transmission usually increases during the rainy season and continued thereafter. The disease is characterized by fever that appears about 10-15 days after the mosquito bite. Initial symptoms that accompany are headache and chills. If not treated promptly, malaria can progress and risk threatening the lives of sufferers.
Diseases transmitted through contaminated water
These diseases are spread through the consumption of contaminated water or food. Here are a few of its kind:
Diarrhea is a condition characterized by the frequency of bowel movements (BAB), which increased compared to usual and watery feces issued. Broadly speaking, the causes of diarrhea are eating food contaminated with bacteria, viruses or parasites. Diarrhea usually lasts only a few days, but in some cases extending to weeks. Diarrhea during the rainy season is usually caused by the bacteria salmonella, shigella and cholera.
Acute infection of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus occurs mostly in children. Hepatitis A is characterized by nausea, vomiting, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, flu-like symptoms, sometimes jaundice, and fever.
High fever caused by Salmonella typhi and spread through contaminated food. Typhoid fever is common in developing countries and can be dangerous if not handled properly and quickly. In addition to fever, the disease is often characterized by abdominal pain, headache, constipation, or diarrhea. If not promptly treated, people with TB may develop complications such as meningitis, liver and gall bladder infections, pneumonia, to disorders of the kidneys and heart valves.
Leptospirosis is a disease transmitted through the urine or blood of wild animals or domestic animals such as dogs, rats, cows, and pigs. Humans can become infected when in contact with contaminated water or soil. High fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, red eyes, chills, sore calf muscles, and abdominal pain are symptoms that mark the disease. However, in certain cases, the disease can cause liver failure, kidney failure, meningitis, up to respiratory failure.
The cold weather that often accompany the rains can trigger attacks of asthma in infected. When someone is breathing rapidly, air that is exchanged is not time to be warm, thus increasing the cooling and swelling of the airways.
Prevent Rainy Season
The good news, there are a variety of simple ways that can be done to maintain health in the middle of the rainy season so that the activity is not disrupted.
- The influenza vaccine, dengue and hepatitis A that may be required can be obtained at the doctor.
- Always willing umbrella or raincoat to reduce exposure to rain.
- Limit in public places or crowds where ventilation is limited, especially avoid contact or be around people who are sick.
- To reduce the risk of illness, when eating out, choose a meal in a clean place to eat than the street vendors.
- When the flood, as much as possible avoid walking or wallowing in flood water.
- Make sure you consume drinking water really clean.
Many diseases can be spread through contaminated water. Make sure the water you drink is ripe and hygienic.
- Wash your hands regularly with soap, especially before and after cooking the food, well before eating.
- Consult if a family member is sick in order to immediately receive proper treatment and do not infect other family members.
- Rinse all food ingredients, mainly natural ingredients that are not packaged.
- If houses were flooded due to heavy rain, it is important to clean all furniture, fixtures especially children like toys affected by flood water with a disinfectant.
- To avoid mosquito-borne disease, use mosquito lotion or spray, or repellent to the room. Wear long-sleeved clothing, especially during outdoor activities. Mosquito gauze can also be used on windows.
- Drain the bathtub and places that used to be where mosquitoes can breed, at least 1 week.
- Consumption of healthy and fresh food to keep your immune system.
With prevention and manage the health of themselves and their surroundings properly, the risk of illness in the rainy season can be minimized, so that everyday activities can run smoothly.