The dangers of smoking during pregnancy the fetus has a risk of exposure to thousands of toxic chemicals, thereby triggering a variety of complications. Ranging from premature birth, low birth weight babies to other health problems.
You need to know, carbon monoxide in cigarette smoke can inhibit the flow of oxygen and nutrients to the baby in the womb. Limitations of oxygen and exposure to nicotine can also slow baby breath. In addition, it can make the baby’s heart beat faster.
Dangers of Smoking While Pregnant
Health Problems Possible Mother and Baby
If you are pregnant and has the habit of smoking, the baby in the womb has the possibility to run the risk of:
- Born prematurely.
- Babies born with a weight below normal, which makes it more susceptible to infection.
- Increases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome.
- Colic or pain to be able to cry for more than three hours a day.
- Asthma and prone to suffer from infections as well as inflammation of the respiratory tract.
- Congenital malformations of the skull, heart, muscles, limbs and other body parts.
- Behavioral disorders, emotional, and learning ability.
Smoking during pregnancy not only bring harm to the child, but also for pregnant women. You have the risk of having the following things:
- Disturbances in the placenta, namely the possibility of placental abruption happens when the placenta separates from the uterine wall before the baby’s birth. It can also happen placenta previa when the placenta to close all or part of the cervix.
- Premature rupture of membranes.
In addition to being active smokers, there are also risks to pregnant women and infants are affected by exposure to tobacco smoke as passive smokers . Especially when if the family members who smoke and live in one house.
Picks and Tips How to Stop Smoking
The best way you can do to avoid the dangers of smoking during pregnancy is to stop smoking. You can take advantage of therapy for smoking cessation is called Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT). The treatment is done with a few options:
- Nicotine gum chewed slowly for 30 minutes regularly.
- Lozenges. The tablet is sucked in between the gums and inside the cheeks for 30 minutes.
- Sublingual tablet, a tablet placed under the tongue and allowed to dissolve.
- Inhalers, inhaled regularly.
- Transdermal, affixed to the surface of the skin that is dry and hairless on your upper body.
- A nasal spray.
- Mouth sprays.
However, before using these products you are advised to consult the gynecologist. Always pay attention to the dose of nicotine absorbed by the body whatever therapeutic methods do.
If the habit of quitting behavior suddenly was rather difficult, do it gradually and supported by some habits such as:
- Avoid situations that make you want to smoke like stress or hanging out with other smokers.
- Make a list of reasons you should quit smoking . Certainly one of them is to maintain your health and your baby.
- Keep away from cigarette smoke no matter where you are.
- If you have to travel, get used to choose places that do not allow people to smoke.
- Avoid contact with people who smoke.
- Divert the desire to smoke by doing other activities, such as chewing gum or eating food.
In the period of adaptation, it is not uncommon pregnant women who had quit smoking and then returned to smoking after birth. Consult a doctor about this. Remember to not sacrifice the health of yourself and the baby with the smoking habit.