There are several things misunderstood about high blood pressure or hypertension.
Myths and Facts About High Blood Pressure – The condition of high blood pressure that is not handled properly is the beginning of the emergence of various lethal diseases. There are a few things about high blood pressure that has not been understood correctly.
Myths and Facts About High Blood Pressure
Here are some misunderstandings:
High Blood Pressure Not a Big Problem
Blood pressure refers to the pressure on the walls of the arteries when blood is pumped by the heart to the rest of the body. Blood pumped by the heart flows through the blood vessels that can flexibly expands and retracts. High blood pressure or hypertension occurs when the blood vessel wall you press too hard.
The disease is often referred to as the silent killer. Unless checked, there are no specific symptoms that make you realize is suffering from high blood pressure. Though this condition becomes the root cause of a variety of dangerous diseases such as stroke , heart disease , kidney damage , and other vital organs.
If One Normal Blood Pressure Numbers, Means No Problem
The best time to measure your blood pressure is currently in a state of rest and sit or lie down. Blood pressure is measured with two numbers, below and above the measuring device called sphygmomanometer. Both of these figures are:
Diastolic blood pressure: the numbers below indicate lower blood pressure when the heart is resting while, in between two heartbeats. Numbers that appear are interpreted as follows:
– 90 or more: high blood pressure/hypertension.
– 80-89: prehypertension.
– 79 or below: normal blood pressure.
Systolic blood pressure: The above numbers showing the blood pressure on the arteries of the heart rate.
– 150 or more: hypertension in more than 60 years of age.
– 140 or more: hypertension.
– 120-139: prehypertension.
– 119 or below: normal blood pressure.
The problem is often the only people paying attention to systolic than diastolic numbers. In fact, according to experts, your heart even more can tolerate high systolic number over the diastolic number.
Blood pressure can go up and down in line with changes in activity and tend to change with age you are. As you age to age, systolic blood pressure tends to increase, while diastolic blood pressure tends to fall.
Consult doctor if your blood pressure tends to be above normal.
High Blood Pressure Can not Be Prevented
You are likely to have high blood pressure if there are family members who had already been detected. But that does not mean these conditions cannot be prevented. There are several steps that can be taken to manage blood pressure, even if you have many risk factors:
- A healthy diet. Always select food and drink nutritious and low in sugar, fat, and salt.
- Stop smoking and avoid secondhand smoke or exposed to smoke.
- Exercise regularly. Actively moving or better, exercise 20-30 minutes every day.
- Limit or, if possible, avoid the consumption of liquor.
- Keep your weight is normal with a blend of regular exercise and a healthy diet.
- Limit consumption of salt which are contained in snacks.
- Handle stress . Stress makes your body produce chemicals that can make blood vessels constrict and the heart beat faster.
You can also consult your doctor about these preventive measures as soon as the members of your family have detected high blood pressure.
Treatment of High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure can be caused by many different things and require different handling. Consult your doctor to design the appropriate treatment for you. It is true that often times it will take time to reduce high blood pressure to normal levels. High blood generally managed by the primary ways such as the following:
- Maintain weight. Excessive body weight can lead to high blood pressure risk. Exercise regularly and eat a healthy diet are two main ways of maintaining stable body weight.
- Quit smoking. Smoking damages the heart and blood pressure, and blood pressure rises.
- Diets low in fat and salt. In addition to eating lots of fresh fruits and vegetables, you are advised to avoid foods high in salt and fat.
- Drugs. Drugs commonly used to treat high blood pressure. Doses and combinations of these drugs is different for each person. Drugs commonly used are:
- Beta-blockers. That class of drugs that prevent the body produces stress hormones called adrenaline. In addition to making the blood vessels constrict, adrenaline makes the heart beat faster. Thus, the effects of adrenaline is increased blood pressure.
- Diuretic. These drugs make the body reduce the level of fluid in the body by removing excess salts.
- Drugs calcium channel blockers, alpha-blockers, and ACE inhibitors. Drugs of this group works to prevent constriction of blood vessels.
Treatment Already Useless
High blood pressure can be managed with appropriate programs that are considered even. Measures that high blood pressure does not become a source of disease, are taking prescribed medications regularly. Not to forget, to check their blood pressure regularly and consult a physician. Know the side effects of medicines that you consume to deal with high blood pressure.