Tackling Diarrhea in Infants – Diarrhea is one of the highest causes of infant mortality in the World.
In the World, diarrhea is the leading cause of infant mortality (age 29 days-11 months) with the percentage reached more than 30% and about 25% in infants aged 1-4 years.
Tackling Diarrhea in Infants
What are the Causes Diarrhea?
Diarrhea in infants can be caused by many things, ranging from intestinal infections up to changing diets, among others:
- Parasitic infections, bacteria, or viruses. Infants and toddlers are many touches an object that is not necessarily susceptible to infection because the cleaner will often put his hands dirty mouth. In addition, their immune systems are still in the developing stages also makes them more susceptible to contracting the disease.
- Food poisoning.
- Too much fruit juice.
- Allergies to certain drugs.
- Allergic to certain foods.
Babies who are able to digest solid food and is experiencing diarrhea, you should stay away from greasy foods, high fiber, which is sweet as pie and milk products for a while. This is because these foods can aggravate their symptoms of diarrhea.
Detecting Texture Feces Baby
The best way to detect this disease is to look at changes in color and shape baby’s stools as early as possible. Baby’s stools are generally discolored, smells, and textures according to the food consumed. Stools become more dilute, more, or frequency more often are the main symptoms of diarrhea.
But be careful to distinguish the infants consuming breast milk (ASI), which generally produce more liquid stools. Instead, stool-shaped dots are small, hard, and rarely occurs can be indicative of the condition of constipation.
Here is the color of feces can be a guide to detect the baby’s condition:
- Light brown or fawn: commonly found in infants who consume formula.
- Blackish green: also called meconium, the stool that appeared when the newborn.
- Brownish green: the color of baby’s stools for approximately five days after birth.
- Yellow-green: the color stool after birth babies breastfed.
- Another color: brown baby’s stools will be concentrated if already eating solid foods. This color will change according to the type of food they consume.
Recognizing Symptoms and Effects Diarrhea
If your baby is less than six months old and suffered diarrhea, check with your doctor, especially if you experience symptoms such as the following:
- Experienced vomiting.
- Black stools, white, or red because they contain blood.
- There is blood or pus in the stool baby.
- stomach ache.
- Fever above 39 ° C.
- Signs of dehydration.
When the baby diarrhea, the balance of water and salts (electrolytes) in the body is disrupted. This condition can lead to dehydration that can be life-threatening, especially in newborns.
There are several symptoms of dehydration in infants that should be identified clearly:
- Conditions were dry mouth.
- No tears came out when crying.
- Urinating less than usual.
- Her skin feels drier.
Every parent needs to be aware of dehydration in infants who have diarrhea because of dehydration can quickly worsen the condition of the baby’s body.
Especially for infants with diarrhea, generally need to be hospitalized using an infusion. Your doctor will probably prescribe antibiotics or anti-parasitic drug to deal with bacterial or parasitic infections. ORS may also be given. ORS is a fluid that contains electrolytes to prevent dehydration.
Here are some precautionary steps that can be taken to prevent diarrhea:
- Baby or toddler wash hands regularly, especially after playing.
- Adults who care for infants or toddlers also need to keep it clean so as not to transmit microorganisms that can cause infection in infants.
- Keep floors and objects that hold your baby or toddler is always clean.
- If the baby is taking breastmilk or formula, always ensure cleanliness and sterility bottles used. In addition, keep feeding your baby. it can help prevent diarrhea and your baby will recover more quickly.
- Note the cleanliness of food and drink given to babies and toddlers. Avoid giving food commonly consumed by adults. In addition,
- do not give food that keeps getting worse diarrhea in your babies, such as apple juice, milk, and fried foods.